Women and Gender in Science


REPORT: Women and Gender in Science during the pandemic

Kambouri, N. (2022). Women and Gender in Science. Athens: Centre for Gender Studies



Andersen, J. P., Nielsen, M. W., Simone, N. L., Lewiss, R. E., & Jagsi, R. (2020). COVID-19 medical papers have fewer women first authors than expected. eLife, 9, e58807. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.58807. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304994/?fbclid=IwAR1W29LjSIul6YA_jKZrnDdhGUWGHL62D2djdbTF8NW8DPf1UfRcGw6nHLM

Australian Academy of Science. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 on Women in the STEM Workforce | Asia-Pacific. Available at: https://www.science.org.au/files/userfiles/support/documents/impact-covid-women-stem-asia-pacific.pdf

Bates, C., Gordon, L., Travis, E., Chatterjee, A., Chaudron, L., Fivush, B., Gulati, M., Jagsi, R., Sharma, P., et all. (2016). Striving for Gender Equity in Academic Medicine Careers: A Call to Action. Academic Medicine, 91 (8), 1050-1052. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001283. Retrieved from: https://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Fulltext/2016/08000/Striving_for_Gender_Equity_in_Academic_Medicine.13.aspx

Bewa, J. M. (2021, February 11). It’s time to change the narrative: Women in COVID-19, science, and academia. Medical News Today. Retrieved from: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/its-time-to-change-the-narrative-women-in-covid-19-science-and-academia

Cui, R., Ding, H., & Zhu, F. (2020). Gender Inequality in Research Productivity during the COVID-19 Pandemic. ArXiv. Retrieved from: https://arxiv.org/pdf/2006.10194.pdf

Deryugina, T., Shurchkov, O., & Stearns, J. E. (2021). COVID-19 Disruptions Disproportionately Affect Female Academics. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 28360. Retrieved from: https://www.nber.org/system/files/working_papers/w28360/w28360.pdf?fbclid=IwAR2K6imM4UaQnhBRxrtOV8_UuidnoX29IibOLA11l7sOpEpnuSA-vK8sSOA

Flaherty, C. (2021, March 10). COVID-19: A Moment for Women in STEM? Inside Higher ED. Retrieved from: https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2021/03/10/covid-19-moment-women-stem

Flynn, A., Subash, A., Cervone, C. Pires, F.,Bassioni, G., Ahmed, N., Inglesi-Lotz, R., Kefi, R., &  Kaur-Ghumaan, S. (2020). GYA Women in Science stay and work from home: How might we make Covid-19 lockdown work for us? Global Young Academy. Retrieved from: https://globalyoungacademy.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/GYA-WiS-Paper-May2020.pdf

Frize, M., Lhotska, L., Marcu, L., Stoeva, M., Barabino, G., Ibrahim, F.,  Lim, S., Kaldoudi, E., Marques da Silva, A.M., Ha Tan, P., Tsapaki, V., & Bezak, E. (2021). The impact of COVID‐19 pandemic on gender‐ related work from home in STEM fields- Report of the WiMPBME Task Group. Gender, Work & Organisation 28(2), 378–396. Retrieved from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdfdirect/10.1111/gwao.12690?fbclid=IwAR05gTfU-ZmLkG0UI28chJ0Izf-6BTvY0-7ZAXGs-nO9uUFLcanJb4QwJkA&__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=pmd_rsWVZZm88WYAhp8o4kCJOb0VmLzye2eHM1WL1G5_gyY-1635256620-0-gqNtZGzNApCjcnBszQvl

Garrido, P., Adjei, Α.Α., Bajpai, J., Banerjee, S., Berghoff, A.S., Choo. S.P., et all. (2021). Has COVID-19 had a greater impact on female than male oncologists? Results of the ESMO Women for Oncology (W4O) Survey. ScienceDirect, 6(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.100131. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2059702921000909?fbclid=IwAR3HqST_CFyELFhq6jy01cWBQ1lMgPZt6SZxfhvHFj6S3JhonZ-jWL9dyoY

Hansen, D. (2020). Identifying Barriers to Career Progression for Women in Science: Is COVID-19 Creating New Challenges? ScienceDirect, 36(10), 799-802. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pt.2020.07.016. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1471492220301999?via%3Dihub&fbclid=IwAR3olJaw3ariOYMAy_eab8V4K-OZPMWzWo3W0wfuzehEPbQu87ZgY-2CVz0

Haq-Williams, A. (2021, August 31). Pandemic slows women’s progress towards equality. University World News Africa News. Retrieved from: https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20210830142928575

Hood L. (2020, August 7). How women in academia are feeling the brunt of COVID-19. THE CONVERSATION. Retrieved from: https://theconversation.com/how-women-in-academia-are-feeling-the-brunt-of-covid-19-144087?fbclid=IwAR2p3LTfpWMUoQBDwFlzmdb2MHYj-ofPtvUsn3V8Br6PIMOk-TIBE2LuKsc

Jedd, T., Goldman, G., Henry-Moss, D & Wagner , C. (2020, May 7). Scientist Mothers Face Extra Challenges in the Face of COVID-19. Scientific American. Retrieved from: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/voices/scientist-mothers-face-extra-challenges-in-the-face-of-covid-19/

Kasymova, S., Place, J. M., Billings, D., & Aldape, J. (2020). Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the productivity of academics who mother. Gender, Work & Organisation 28(2), 419–433. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12699. Retrieved from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/gwao.12699

Kramer, J. (2020, August 12). Women in Science May Suffer Lasting Career Damage from COVID-19. Scientific American. Retrieved from: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/women-in-science-may-suffer-lasting-career-damage-from-covid-19/?fbclid=IwAR1yyorZsLwB09zqmewZxTMwuzjjd3ocXKFl1_B5FuGSR-H873MaHpqhfnM

Krukowski, R., Jagsi, R., & Cardel, M. (2021). Academic Productivity Differences by Gender and Child Age in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine Faculty During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JOURNAL OF WOMEN’S HEALTH, 30(3), 341-347. Retrieved from: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/jwh.2020.8710?fbclid=IwAR3S0OYCVpy8A-97lDER5UKUuwxz7Mbj2iORfwJlI44XFBbrvCdAcbHbMmg

Kupec, I. (2020, September 17). Indirect impacts of a pandemic on women in science. European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). Retrieved from: https://www.embl.org/news/events/indirect-impacts-of-a-pandemic-on-women-in-science/v

Malischa, J., Harris, B., Sherrerc, S, et all. (2020). In the wake of COVID-19, academia needs new solutions to ensure gender equity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 117 (27) 15378-15381. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2010636117. Available at: https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2010636117

Michalegko, L., Welch, E., Feeney, M. & Johnson T. (2022, January 16). Covid-19 affected female and early-career scientists more, study shows. The Washington Post. Retrieved from: https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/covid-19-affected-female-and-early-career-scientists-more-study-shows/2022/01/14/b34b6676-6e31-11ec-a5d2-7712163262f0_story.html

Miki, Y., Chubachi, N., Imamura, F., Yaegashi, N., Ito, K. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 restrictions on the research environment and motivation of researchers in Japan. Progress in Disaster Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100128. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S259006172030065X 

Myers, K.R., Tham, W.Y., Yin, Y., Cohodes, N., Thursby, J. G., Thursby, M. C., Schiffer, P., Walsh, J. T., Lakhani K. R., & Wang D. (2020). Unequal effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on scientists. Nature Human Behaviour 4, 880–883. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-0921-y. Retrieved from: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-020-0921-y?fbclid=IwAR3ZccShLMGRV20hR0YOD5jRybXKmk6FfSXF4dCNJbvUmfcspnzEoY_KMI0#citeas

Organization for Women in Science for the Developing World (OWSD). (2020, June 29). The impact of COVID-19 on women scientists from developing countries: Results from an OWSD member survey. Retrieved from: https://owsd.net/news/news-events/impact-covid-19-women-scientists-developing-countries-results-owsd-member?fbclid=IwAR1T1MIo5XkjKn40vGWmG4OqFT-Ve7kVK7KGvF4P3AZhXLg0mqE0IJdtbaA

Plaunova, A., Heller, S., Babb, J. & Heffernan, C. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 on Radiology Faculty – An Exacerbation of Gender Differences in Unpaid Home Duties and Professional Productivity. Academic Radiology, 28, 1185–1190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2021.05.004. Retrieved from: https://www.academicradiology.org/article/S1076-6332(21)00219-1/fulltext#seccesectitle0005

Plotnikof, M., & Utoft, E. H. (2021). The “new normal” of academia in pandemic times: Resisting toxicity through care. Gender, Work & Organization, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12778 Retrieved from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/gwao.12778

Rouger, M. (2021, April 21). Covid-19 and gender parity: a worrisome scenario. Healthcare in Europe. Retrieved from: https://healthcare-in-europe.com/en/news/covid-19-gender-parity-a-worrisome-scenario.html

Scientific American (2020, May 7). Scientist Mothers Face Extra Challenges in the Face of COVID-19. Scientific American. Retrieved from: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/voices/scientist-mothers-face-extra-challenges-in-the-face-of-covid-19/?fbclid=IwAR2eSWNNXZ2zG6-zq0EVuVDxwd5aG0R5K6PXShAtkPfp891W0ofqIFmirQg

Science Council (2021, March 8). 60% of female STEM students have prospects halted by pandemic. Retrieved from: https://sciencecouncil.org/60-of-female-stem-students-have-prospects-halted-by-pandemic/

Shurchkov, O. (2021, April 23). Is COVID-19 turning back the clock on gender equality in academia? Medium. Retrieved from: https://web.archive.org/web/20200524090242/https:/medium.com/@olga.shurchkov/is-covid-19-turning-back-the-clock-on-gender-equality-in-academia-70c00d6b8ba1

Smith, C.,& Watchorn, D. (2020, September 17). The pandemic is making it harder for researchers but women are hit the hardest. 4 findings from 80 countries. London School of Economics and Political Science. Retrieved from: https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2020/09/17/the-pandemic-is-making-it-harder-for-researchers-but-women-are-hit-the-hardest-4-findings-from-80-countries/

Souto-Marchand, A. (2021). Women Scientists and the Pandemic Challenges of Motherhood. UNESCO. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000378057?1=null&queryId=N-EXPLORE-5df7bbc2-502e-47d8-abce-01d35798f930

Squazzoni, F., Bravo, G., Grimaldo, F., Garcıa-Costa, D., Farjam, M. & Mehmani, B. (2021). Only Second-Class Tickets for Women in the COVID-19 Race. A Study on Manuscript Submissions and Reviews in 2329 Elsevier Journals. PLoS ONE 16(10): e0257919. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0257919. Retrieved from: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3712813#.X44AMjVdsA0.twitter

Torres, I., Watkins, R., Liukkonen, M. & Neo M.L. (2020, December 23). COVID Has Laid Bare the Inequities That Face Mothers in STEM. Scientific American. Retrieved from: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/covid-has-laid-bare-the-inequities-that-face-mothers-in-stem/

UNESCO. (2021, April 19). Covid-19 pandemic disproportionately affecting women in science and engineering. Retrieved from: https://en.unesco.org/news/covid-19-pandemic-disproportionately-affecting-women-science-and-engineering?fbclid=IwAR2oT60Uzn6yKEInBWGnPRks_SHaffaFhv826glarxI8T52rOCS3jCwKWSE

Utoft, E. H. (2020). ‘All the single ladies’ as the ideal academic during times of COVID-19? Gender Work & Organization 27, 778–787. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12478. Retrieved from: https://pure.au.dk/portal/files/208951865/gwao.12478.pdf  

Vaughan, F. (2021, July 15). Combating the impacts of COVID-19 on women in STEM. International Science Council. Retrieved from: https://council.science/current/news/combating-the-impacts-of-covid-19-on-women-in-stem/

Viglione, G. (2020, May 20). Are women publishing less during the pandemic? Here’s what the data say. Nature. Retrieved from: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-01294-9

Vincent-Lamarre, P., Sugimoto, C. R.,& Larivière V. (2020, May 19). The decline of women’s research production during the coronavirus pandemic. Preprints analysis suggests a disproportionate impact on early career researchers. Nature Index. Retrieved from: https://www.natureindex.com/news-blog/decline-women-scientist-research-publishing-production-coronavirus-pandemic?fbclid=IwAR1ITNwDTWDAMLzwKHARBbx6k7U0PhuJHA-J0ue62FuzyFV85Of8I_wsIWs

Weiner S. (2020, November 12). How COVID-19 threatens the careers of women in medicine. AAMC. Retrieved from: https://www.aamc.org/news-insights/how-covid-19-threatens-careers-women-medicine?fbclid=IwAR0iW89BzF7-itJtyzEynBtSBfNPEViMhXyQz1tMGXzzI2NmNRVeYJqQTTI 

Witteman, H., Haverfield, J., Tannenbaum, C. (2021). COVID-19 gender policy changes support female scientists and improve research quality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 118. e2023476118. 10.1073/pnas.2023476118. Retrieved from: https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/118/6/e2023476118.full.pdf

Woitowich, N. C., Jain, S., Arora, V. M., & Joffe, H. (2021). COVID-19 Threatens Progress Toward Gender Equity Within Academic Medicine. Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 96(6), 813–816. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000003782. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7543905/?fbclid=IwAR2QfFmExWqLmPik85mXM9i5PiKC5JhrOiuYI48vseehor1f-KijSLKlZ5w

Women in science are battling both Covid-19 and the patriarchy. (2020, May 15). THE World University Rankings. Retrieved from: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/blog/women-science-are-battling-both-covid-19-and-patriarchy

Zimmer, K. (2020, June 25). Gender Gap in Research Output Widens During Pandemic. The Scientist Magazine. Retrieved from: https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/gender-gap-in-research-output-widens-during-pandemic-67665?fbclid=IwAR1UxtXCG_L7y5gCJr8spVj5EVfcirA2hM4vvwWhQKqIZk0jJc20Q2f5OnE