Gender-based violence


REPORT: Gender-based Violence in the pandemic period

Papagiannopoulou, M. (2022). Gender-based Violence in the pandemic period. Athens: Centre for Gender Studies



Abramson, A. (2020, April 8). How COVID-19 may increase domestic violence and child abuse. American Psychological Association. Retrieved from:

Abuhammad, S. (2020). Violence against Jordanian Women during COVID-19 Outbreak. The International Journal of Clinical Practice, 75 (3). Retrieved from:

Andrews, M. (2020, December 3). Combatting Gender-Based Violence during COVID-19. Greenpeace Africa. Retrieved from:

Bettinger-Lopez, C. (2020, May 13). A Double Pandemic: Domestic Violence in the Age of COVID-19. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved from:

Böök, B. (2021, January 20). Gender-based violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. European Futures. Retrieved from:

Boserup, B., McKenney, M., & Elkbuli, A. (2020). Alarming trends in US domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. The American journal of emergency medicine38(12), 2753–2755. Retrieved from:

Bourgault, S., Peterman, A. & O’Donnell M. (2021). Violence against Women and Children during COVID-19— One Year On and 100 Papers In a Fourth Research Round Up. Center for Global Development. Retrieved from:

Campbell, A. (2020). An Increasing Risk of Family Violence during the Covid-19 Pandemic: Strengthening Community Collaborations to Save Lives. Forensic Science International: Reports. Vol. 2. 100089. doi:org/10.1016/j.fsir.2020.100089. Retrieved from:

Center for Reproductive Rights (2020). COVID-19 Landscape: SRHR and Gender Issues in Asia. Retrieved from:

Chipare, M. (2021). The hidden monster of domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic in resource limited settings: a call to action. Medical Journal of Zambia48(1), 1 – 3. Retrieved from:

Emezue, C. (2020). Digital or Digitally Delivered Responses to Domestic and Intimate Partner Violence during COVID-19. JMIR Public Health Surveillance, 6(3): e19831. Retrieved from:

European Commission. (2021). 2021 report on gender equality in the EU. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved from:

Fortson, J., Hinson, L., Rajbhandari, B., & Bhalla, P. (2020, December 8). Technology-Facilitated Gender-based Violence in the time of COVID-19. International Center for Research on Women. Retrieved from:

Gautam, G., & Brendan K. (2020). Domestic violence against women and the COVID-19 pandemic: What is the role of psychiatry? International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 71. Retrieved from:

GBV Guidelines and IASC. (2020). Identifying & Mitigating Gender-based Violence Risks within the COVID-19 Response. Retrieved from:

Gurbanova, A.F., & Gibbs, P. (2021). The Impact of the Covid-19 virus on Domestic Violence. Transdisciplinary Journal of Engineering & Science, 12, 24-28. Retrieved from:

Halim, D., Can, E. R., & Perova, E. (2020). What Factors Exacerbate and Mitigate the Risk of Gender-Based Violence During COVID-19? : Insights from a Phone Survey in Indonesia. World Bank, Washington. Retrieved from:

International Labour Organization (ILO) and UN Women. (2020). The COVID-19 shadow pandemic: Domestic violence in the world of work: A call to action for the private sector. Retrieved from: 

IPPF. (2020, April 24). COVID-19 and the rise of gender-based violence. Retrieved from:

Kaukinen, C. (2020). When Stay-at-Home Orders Leave Victims Unsafe at Home: Exploring the Risk and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence during the COVID-19 Pandemic. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 45, 668- 679. Retrieved from:

Khanlou, N., Ssawe, A., Vazquez, LM., Pashang, S., Connolly, JA., Bohr, Y., Epstein, I., Zahraei, S., Ahmad, F., Mgwigwi, T., & Alamdar, N. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic guidelines for mental health support of racialized women at risk of gender-based violence: Knowledge synthesis report. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR).  Retrieved from:

Khanlou, N., Ssawe, A., Zahraei, S., Connolly, JA., Pashang, S., Bohr, Y., & Vazquez, LM. (2020). Gender-Based Violence and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Risk Factors and Systemic Challenges. Information Sheet 16- Office of Women’s Health Research Chair in Mental. Retrieved from:

Löhr, N. (2021, October 20). The Shadow Pandemic: Policy Efforts on Gender-Based Violence during COVID-19 in the Global South. Unidas. Retrieved from:

National Domestic Violence Hotline. (2020, March 13). Staying Safe during COVID-19. Retrieved from:

National Domestic Violence Hotline. (2020, June 5). A Snapshot of Domestic Violence during COVID-19. Retrieved from:

Peterman, A., Potts, A., O’Donnell, M., Thompson, K., Shah, N., Oertelt-Prigione, S. & Gelder, N. (2020). Pandemics and Violence against Women and Children. Center for Global Development. Retrieved from:

Piquero, A.R., Riddell, J.R., Bishopp, S.A. Chelsey N., Joan A. R., & Nicole L. P. (2020). Staying Home, Staying Safe? A Short-Term Analysis of COVID-19 on Dallas Domestic Violence. American Journal of Criminal Justice 45, 601–635. Retrieved from:

Plan International Philippines. (2020). Through Her Lens: The Impact of COVID-19 on Filipino Girls and Young Women. Retrieved from:

Rowan, H. (2021). The Ignored Pandemic: The Dual Crisis of Gender-Based Violence and COVID-19. Oxfam GB. DOI: 10.21201/2021.8366. Retrieved from:;jsessionid=D2724474D40EE2C9317A5DE8A23C0559?sequence=19

Sharma, A., Borah, S.B. Covid-19 and Domestic Violence: an Indirect Path to Social and Economic Crisis. Journal of Family Violence. Retrieved from:

Sorenson, S. B., Sinko, L., & Berk, R. A. (2021). The Endemic Amid the Pandemic: Seeking Help for Violence Against Women in the Initial Phases of COVID-19. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(9–10), 4899–4915. Retrieved from: 

UNDP. (2020). Gender- based violence and COVID 19. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved from:

UN Women. (2020). COVID-19 and Ending Violence against Women and Girls. Retrieved from:

UN Women. (2020). COVID-19 and Ensuring Sage Cities and Safe Public Spaces for Women and Girls. Retrieved from:

UN Women. (2020). COVID-19 and Violence against Women and Girls: Addressing the Shadow Pandemic. Retrieved from:

UN Women. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on violence against women and girls and service provision: UN Women rapid assessment and findings. Retrieved from:

UN Women. (2020). Online and ICT facilitated violence against women and girls during COVID-19. Retrieved from:

UN Women. (2020). PREVENTION: Violence against women and girls and COVID-19. Retrieved from:

UN Women. (2020, May 8). UN Women COVID-19 campaign against domestic violence in Kosovo reaches over 1 million. Retrieved from:

UN Women. (2020, May 20). Women survivors of violence receive vital support from shelters in Kosovo during the pandemic. Retrieved from:

UN Women and OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). (2020). Adressing Emerging Human Trafficking Trends and Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Retrieved from:

UN Women, UNFPA and (2021). COVID-19 AND VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN: THE EVIDENCE BEHIND THE TALK insights from big data analysis in Asian countries. Retrieved from:

UN Women, UNFPA, WHO, UNODC and UNDP. (2020). COVID-19 and Essential Services Provision of Survivors of Violence Against Women and Girls. Retrieved from:

Van Gelder, N., Peterman, A., Potts, A., O’Donnell, M., Thompson, K., Shah, N., & Oertelt-Prigione, S. (2020). Journal: The Lancet E Clinical Medicine, Vol.: 21, 100348. Retrieved from:

Vranda, M. N., & Febna, M. (2020). Response to Sexual and Gender-Based Violence against Women during COVID-19. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 42(6), 582–584. doi:10.1177/0253717620966735. Retrieved from:

WHO. (2020). COVID-19 and violence against women. What the health sector/system can do. Retrieved from:

WHO and UN Women. (2020). Violence against Women and Girls Data Collection during COVID-19. Retrieved from:


European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE). (2021). Gender equality and the socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Retrieved from:

European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE). (2021). The Covid-19 pandemic and intimate partner violence against women in the EU. Retrieved from:

Gemen, R. (2021, November 25). Gender-based violence during COVID-19: it’s the weakest taking the blows. European public health alliance. Retrieved from:

Grierson, J. (2020, April 9). UK domestic abuse helplines report surge in calls during lockdown. The Guardian. Retrieved from:

Speed, A., Thomson, C., & Richardson, K. (2020). Stay home, stay safe, save lives? An analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on the ability of victims of gender-based violence to access justice. The Journal of Criminal Law. doi:10.1177/0022018320948280. Retrieved from:

Vives-Cases, C., La Parra-Casado, D., Briones-Vozmedian, E., March, S., María García-Navas, A., Carrasco, J.M., et al. (2021). Coping with intimate partner violence and the COVID-19 lockdown: The perspectives of service professionals in Spain. PLoS ONE 16(10): e0258865. Retrieved from:  

Nesset, M.B., Gudde, C.B., Mentzoni, G.E. et al. (2021). Intimate partner violence during COVID-19 lockdown in Norway: the increase of police reports. BMC Public Health 21, 2292 Retrieved from: